Texas Plains Trail Region

Participant in the Texas Historical Commission's
Texas Heritage Trails Program

Lubbock: Aztlan Park

Today, Aztlan Park teems with picnicking families, children laughing on the playground, and basketball games. But in the first half of the 20th century, the setting was one of the area's largest migrant labor camps, known as both “Mexican Town” and the “Chihuahua District.”
Thousands of Mexican migrants and braceros slept in tents or ramshackle rowhouses at night and worked the nearby cotton fields or railroad lines by day. A strong, yet impoverished community developed. Conditions at the overcrowded camp worsened during the Great Depression, as did the discrimination and segregation experienced by residents outside the camp.

Though a tornado destroyed the majority of the neighborhood in 1970, the park remains a tribute to Lubbock's Tejano roots and the large Hispanic population. A vibrant mural, painted by Emanuel Martinez in 1994, reminds visitors of Aztlan Park's historical significance.

Watch the video below to learn more about Hispanic Immigration to Texas. This video was produced for inclusion in the Hispanic Texans mobile tour, more information about which may be found on our Hispanic heritage page at the following link:


  • 1st St
  • Lubbock, Texas
  • 79401



  • 24 hours