Texas Plains Trail Region

Participant in the Texas Historical Commission's
Texas Heritage Trails Program

Umbarger: Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge

Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge

A valuable wintering area for migrating waterfowl, thousands of ducks and geese over-winter on Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge every year. Buffalo Lake NWR contains some of the best remaining shortgrass prairie in the United States, including 175 acres designated a National Natural Landmark. Shortgrass prairie ecosystems were historically maintained by annual grazing of migrating American bison. With the bison gone, this ecosystem is maintained by grazing cattle. Take a driving tour in your own vehicle, walk through a prairie dog town, or bring your camera and binoculars for a birding experience on the canyon trail. Sack lunch picknicking only is permitted, adn the refuge is open to the public in designated areas only.     


  • U.S. 60 between Hereford and Canyon Texas
  • Umbarger, Texas
  • 79091


Hours & Fees

  • October - March:
    Monday-Friday, 8 a.m.-5 p.m.

  • Free

Map & Directions

The refuge is located approximately 30 miles southeast of Amarillo, Texas, in Umbarger, Texas, on U.S. 60 between Hereford and Canyon, Texas. At Umbarger, take FM Road 168 1.5 miles to refuge entrance road. Follow signs to headquarters and visitor check station.